|Palmdale Grammar School. Circa 1918-19.
The Antelope Valley is located in the westernmost
part of the Mojave Desert, and is approximately 3,000 square miles
in size. On the northwest, the Valley is separated from
the San Joaquin Valley by the Tehachapi Mountains. On the south
and southwest, it is separated by the San Gabriel Mountains. The
north and east boundaries of the Antelope Valley are distinguished
by isolated buttes.
Antelope Valley is a closed basin; that is, a basin
which has no outlet for its surface streams. All rain water either
sinks into the ground or collects in the lower part of the Valley.
There are twelve creeks leading into the Valley from the south,
which carry water in wet seasons. The names of these creeks are:
Amargosa, Little Rock, Pallett, Sand, Big Rock, Bob's Gap, Deadman,
Boulder, La Montaine, Muscal, Bone Yard and Sheep Creeks. At one
period of its existence, data indicates that the Valley was covered
by a large freshwater lake.
The famous San Andreas Fault runs along the whole
southern slope of the Antelope Valley. It forms a series of long,
narrow, enclosed basins. One of the best places to view the fault
is on the Antelope Valley Freeway, just north of Avenue S.
|Main Street of Palmdale. Note: right side of street is the location of the new City
Cultural Center. (Circa 1918.)
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